Reformed GCSEs have been introduced in three waves. The first wave certificated in Summer 2017 in English, English Literature and Maths. The second wave subjects certificated in Summer 2018, namely Art, Music, Drama, Geography, History, PE, Science (including Biology, Chemistry and Physics), Philosophy & Ethics, MFL (French & Spanish), Computer Science and Food Technology. All other subjects will certificate for the first time in Summer 2019. 主题 are now graded from 9-1 rather than A*-G.